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Year of Creation

The Biosphere Reserve of the Pantanal (BRP) is the largest wetland in South America and one of the largest biodiversity reservoirs in the world, covering an area of 264,176 km² encompassing the states of Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul and a small part of Goiás. The BRP encompasses the Mato Grosso wetlands and the headwaters of rivers that shape the hydric system of the Pantanal plain. The aim of this biosphere reserve is to contribute to the conservation of landscapes, ecosystems, and species, foster sustainable socio-economic development, and support environmental education, research and monitoring projects related to conservation and sustainable development issues.

Human activities in the Biosphere Reserve of the Pantanal involve traditional livestock farming, mining, mechanized grain farming, tourism, cargo transport, artisanal fishing, and alcohol production. To encourage sustainable practices and strengthen the relationship between humans and nature, a BRP label was created - an initiative that distinguishes products that value socio-biodiversity and which are recognized by UNESCO and the BRP, thus preserving the natural resources and the identity of its inhabitants.

The BRP is now facing unprecedented wildfires due to several factors, such as below average rainfall, low relative humidity, high temperatures and arson by cattle ranchers. So far, more than 1,950,000 ha have been ravaged by uncontrolled fires, and if nothing is done, the Pantanal Conservation Area is in serious danger of extinction.

Pantanal's hydrological network is the basis of this ecosystem, as its ecological output is shaped by the dynamics of the rivers, the physicochemical and microbiological conditions of the substrate, and the availability of plants and animals adapted to the conditions of both saturated and flooded soil.


Avenida Mato Grosso, 1836 

Sala 23 Jardim dos Estados 

Campo Grande/MS







Rede Brasileira de Reservas da Biosfera

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